Understanding the anatomy of whitetail deer, mule deer, elk, moose or other big game is important to making a quick and clean harvest.

The most ethical placements have a large room for error and target the vitals, the lungs and heart.

Targeting these vitals on the deer provides for the greatest margin of errof.

Here is a anatomy diagram showing the internal organs and structure of a whitetail deer.

One of the most difficult aspects of shot placement on a deer is locating the vitals and avoiding the shoulder especially when bowhunting.

Angles from tree stands and even the body position of the deer need to be considered.

On every opportunity, a deer hunter must make a choice; is this placement and range ethical?